Unveiling the Historical Cilento Region of Italy

The Cilento region has had some influence on the political, cultural and commercial communications on the region nestled between the Tyrrhenian Sea and Adriatic Sea. It was the main route for traders in the prehistoric period and again in the Middle Ages.

Cilento National Park

The Cilento National Park is a mountainous landscape that is dissected severally by the river valleys that all open to the Tyrrhenian Sea. The first human occupation in this park is dated back to about 250,000 years. First came the Homo erectus then the Homo sapiens sapiens replaced his nearderthal cousin in the Upper Paleolithic period

In the Bronze and Iron Ages, the area was inhabited by warriors and traders until the end of 2nd millennium when trade with the Mycenae picked up. The area got its first technological influence from the Bronze Age Greece.

Greek colonized the region from the 7th century BC until 5th century when the Lucanians defeated the Greece. The Lucanians were again defeated in the 3rd century BC by the Romans and Cilento was incorporated in the larger Roman Empire.

The park is home to middle age feudal castles, religious monuments, pre-roman frameworks as well as Lucanian and Greek towns.


The Paestun archaeological site has been popularized by being home to the Greek city of Poseidonia. In the city, you will find exceptional monuments and buildings such as the temples of Hera, Poseidon and Ceres. The city of Poseidon was inspired by the Parthenon in Athens. Other ancient buildings that you will find here include public buildings, covered market, council chamber and a courthouse.


There are a few striking features that still survive at this ancient Greek town. The most prominent feature includes Porta Rosa, an ancient arched Greek town gate. Others include the defensive walls of acropolis, paved streets and several temples. The town is locally known as Novi Velia and features a cluster of houses including a castle, a watchtower a church and a monastic ensemble.


Certosa di San Lorenzo at Padula is an impressive monastery that was constructed in 1306. Its present form is baroque restoration that was done in the 17th and 18th centuries.

When you think of it, the Cilento region is one of the most historically endowed regions of Italy. A visit to this region will take your knowledge of European history a step further.

By Kennedy Runo on 08/03/2015 in Italy

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